Introduction

The 21st century has brought us all much in technological advancement and less in terms of health and well-being. The onset of those diseases linked to a sedentary lifestyle is increasing and they are illustrated by Heart Disease, Osteoporosis, Cancer, Diabetes, Depression, and Osteoarthritis. Add to these the general muscular-skeletal problems that often ruin daily function and certainly influence absenteeism from work and we are faced with an impending community catastrophe. Those countries with national health systems are creaking under the pressure that these ‘self-inflicted’ illnesses burden them with.
‘A tsunami of obesity and muscular-skeletal / metabolic syndrome threatens to engulf the NHS.’
‘…mounting evidence shows children as young as 5 years are not sufficiently active on a regular basis to develop and maintain health.’ (Armstrong, McManus, Welsman, & Kirby, 1996; Poest, Williams, Witt, & Atwood, 1989; Sallis, Patterson, McKenzie, & Nader, 1988).
‘Physical inactivity combined with obesity and smoking cost Manitobans $1.62 billion in 2008; the economic burden will increase by $4.7 billion by 2026.’
It is suggested that there are three pillars of health and well-being that every one of our children is entitled to – even though they do not recognise the necessity. These are:

  • Cardio-respiratory fitness
  • Mechanical (movement) efficiency
  • Quality nutrition
The information contained on this web-site is focused mainly on the second pillar – movement efficiency. Born from a extensive teaching and coaching experience the information available on this site, and particularly the multi-media resources contained in it, offers an insight into the order of things. If we can all move efficiently, consistently and with resilience it is more likely that we can achieve quality of life devoid of unacceptable discomfort. At the same time those of us wishing to travel the journey to high performance sport will enter this continuum with few limitations to the metabolic and mechanical development that we must sustain.
Responsibility for the delivery all this lies with all parents, teachers, coaches and the young people themselves. It falls upon the shoulders of governments, schools and sporting federations to ensure that the fundamentals of movement efficiency are delivered consistently and with ‘best practice’ across all layers of the general and sporting community. It is a matter of ‘building the student / athlete from the ground up’. Just as we develop numeracy and literacy as the building blocks of academic education so we must raise the profile of the building blocks of health and well-being.
The trap that many have fallen into is the narrow-minded focus on ‘competitive games-based activities and strategies’. Competitive sport is a fine institution but it appeals to but a few of our community. The relentless focus on sports-specific activity ignores the foundations of movement efficiency – one of the pillars of physical literacy.
Physical Education used to me a major player in the development of physical literacy but in recent decades it has plummeted to near obscurity in terms of its role in improving physical well-being. Movement is the least likely choice of children today and with a games-based curriculum being the only outlet the future looks bleak. With PE grades and evaluations not counting as heavily as other course offerings…PE is therefore, not taken as seriously by Governments, students or parents.
‘Apart from its attributed low status as of little educational value etc., other reasons for the cancellation of physical education include: government financial cuts; insufficient numbers of qualified physical education teachers; adverse weather conditions; the use of the dedicated physical education lesson space for examinations; preparation for examinations; concerts; ceremonial occasions such as celebratory prize giving; spiritual exercises as at Easter time; and use as dining areas.’ Hardman, 2010
‘Despite our best intentions we have failed our children…We will kill them slowly, but won’t hurt them quickly.’
The answer lies in developing an all-round movement vocabulary for all our young people from which they can choose to use the permanent skill-set to either remain posturally efficient or to embark on a journey to high performance.
The 5in5 has been designed as a resource for the teacher or coach to offer a progressive journey towards the ‘foundation’ movements. They can be used as ‘movement breaks’ during academic periods or technical and tactical periods in a training session. They are also useful tools for developing an appropriate warm-up.

Authors

Steve Myrland

A former strength, conditioning and performance coach at the University of Wisconsin, Steve is the founder of the ‘Train-to-Play’ organisation and owner of Myrland Sports Training. A highly experienced, educator and coach he has worked across a wide range of high performance sports in both the NCAA and professional areas in the United States. His extensive background in movement development has culminated in the development of the Movement Library which he coaches on a regular basis across all age-groups. His links to Physical Education sees him acting as a consultant to a number of School Districts.

Greg Thompson

Greg has been a Physical Education teacher in the state of Michigan for nearly 30 years and has also coordinated K-12 Physical Education for the Farmington Public Schools system. His extensive and inquisitive approach to movement is encapsulated in the daily programs that he delivers in the K-6 layers. His experience extends to coaching Soccer where he is the owner of the Far Post Soccer Camps that have been successfully operating for 20 years. He keeps at the forefront of research and education via other major contributions such as the Motor Development Research Consortium and the Michigan Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance movement.

Kelvin Giles MA, CertEd

A former UK National and Olympic Track & Field Coach, Kelvin spent 30 years in Australia’s high performance sport environment. He was Head T&F Coach at the Australian Institute of Sport in Canberra and Head of the Athletic Development department at the Queensland Academy of Sport in Brisbane. He spent 6 years at the helm of the Brisbane Broncos Rugby League team as Director of Performance and also led the Australian Rugby Union’s Elite Player Development section. He is a coach to 14 Olympic and World Championship athletes over a 40 year career. He is currently CEO of Movement Dynamics UK Ltd and currently consults across a range of National Governing Bodies and Federations and is the author of the Physical Competence Assessment resources.

The Progressive Exercise Syllabus has been designed to support the teacher and coach in their exercise selection and progression journey.

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Preschool
Primary School
Secondary School
High Performance -sport development
High Performance – sport elite